rticles and essays
- Thoughts on Man. Conditio humana in Middle-earth and Our World - Jan Oko 'Galhen'
Who is man? What is his place and role in the world created by Tolkien? Is he closer to Eru or Morgoth? Is he a successful creature or not? Are men imperfect but powerful? Is it possible that they are so important that their deeds influence the universe? What is their calling and the range of their freedom? The author suggests that Tolkien’s works can shed a new light on our perception of ourselves.
- Nine for the Mortal Men – Úlairi in the Eyes of a Man - Anita Weber 'Zair Ugru-nad'
They used to be great rulers and warriors. They longed for knowledge of the surrounding world and longer life. They yielded to those longings and – falling for the trap prepared by Sauron/Annatar – accepted the Nine Rings of Power. Thus they fell victim to the most ingenious and cruel enslavement, losing the right to decide their own fate and became Sauron’s terrifying servants. Why did fate treat them so? Why were they punished so severely for the longings sent by Eru Ilúvatar? The author poses many questions, making the reader to look at the Úlairi with human eyes and showing that one’s good will may lead him into a confrontation he cannot win.
- The Archetype of the >>Idle Ruler<< in The Lord of the Rings - Andrzej Wicher
The author shows the stereotypes of “idle kings” in medieval chronicles and literature, and tries to find such stereotypes in Tolkien’s story. He refers the reader to numerous historical characters, especially Athelred the Unready, the king of England at the turn of the 10th and 11th centuries. Prof. Wicher’s choice of examples can be puzzling, but is worth considering.
- Word, Power, and Will, or Magic in Tolkien’s Works - Anna Adamczyk-Śliwińska 'Nifrodel'
What is magic? Is it an art or a gift, or can it be learned? What kind of magic – if any – can be found in Tolkien’s books? What problems did Tolkien meet while introducing magic into his Legendarium? These are only some of the issues raised in this essay.
- Doom, Destiny, Fate – a Short Consideration of the Problem of Fate, Free Will and Providence in The Lord of the Rings - Karolina Stopa-Olszańska 'Melinir'
Tolkienists hold endless discussions on the relation of free will and destiny in Tolkien’s works. This text will not explain all the complexities, but its aim is different. The author concentrated on the language analysis of the terms, their possible meanings, and the consequences of using the words “doom”, “fate”, and “destiny” in the given contexts. She shows how translation can blur important nuances arising from the given choice of words.
- Tolkien: Politics Seen Through Myth - Tadeusz Andrzej Olszański 'Halbarad Dúnadan'
The author speculates on Tolkien’s political views and on what a mythical story like The Lord of the Rings tells us about politics.
- Three Elves in a Boat, to Say Nothing of Huan - 'Kasiopea'
The three „C” brothers: Celegorm, Curufin, and Caranthir are possibly the most hated characters among the Noldor. Their notoriety exceeds even that of their father. Dark, short-tempered, unscrupulous – this is how they are described most often. The author decided to face the black legend: she wonders if Angrod was psychologically weak, if Thingol was all right, if Finrod was an inept ruler. She also tries to show that the devil’s not so black as he is painted.
anfiction and poetry
- "Men" - Tekla Cichocka 'Tici'
There were nine Rings meant for men. Have you ever asked yourself how they acquired them and what was their motivation?
The issue contains a comic strip, being a continuation of the series A Scene from the Life of a Dragon by Izabela Kamińska 'Elenai'
There is a selection of poetry by by Katarzyna Wojdak 'Avari' , Anna Adamczyk-Śliwińska 'Nifrodel' and Dawid Lipka-Złotnicki 'Numenelen' and Katarzyna Staniewska 'Elring', as well as Tolkien news from Poland and beyond, and Tolkien riddles.
eviews and interviews
- Interview with Michał Błażejewski - by Anna Adamczyk-Śliwińska 'Nifrodel'
- The Vikings and Victorians. Inventing the Old North in 19th-Century Britain by Andrew Wawn - reviewed by Michał Leśniewski 'M.L.'
- Recovery and Transcendence for the Contemporary Mythmaker. The Spiritual Dimension in the Works of J.R.R. Tolkien by Christopher Garbowski - reviewed by Michał Leśniewski 'M.L.', translated by Anna Adamczyk-Śliwińska 'Nifrodel'
- The Roots of Tolkien's Middle Earth by Robert S.Blackham - reviewed by T.A. Shippey translated by Agnieszka Sylwanowicz 'Evermind HS Took'