rticles and essays
- A World Born out of Language: J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Ring - Marek Gumkowski
Marek Gumkowski in his text goes beyond language and linguistics. In fact the significance of language is a starting point for wider considerations, where the Author shows the importance of unity between human beings and nature in Tolkien's
creation, and finally comes to moral issues in The Lord of the Rings.
- Are Tolkien's Characters Two-Dimensional? - Tadeusz A. Olszański 'Halbarad Dúnadan'
Tadeusz A. Olszański discusses the most popular complaints against Tolkien's work - that the protagonists of The Lord of the Rings are psychologically unbelievable and morally unequivocal. He analyses the
complaints (coming from the conviction that human psychology is based on gender and that evil is more interesting than good) and shows examples of interesting characters and moral dilemmas in the book (e.g. Faramir's conflict of conscience regarding Frodo and Sam). He points out that Tolkien presents his characters as doers and not thinkers. This is both conscious literary convention and a manifestation of the conviction that it is deeds that show a man's worth.
- On the Inevitability of Entering the Same River Twice. A Reply to Kaj Andre Apeland -Michał Leśniewski 'M.L'
A Reply to Kaj Andre Apeland questions Apeland's suggestion that
the authoritative version of Quenta Silmarillion is the one published in
The Lost Road and points out that in fact Tolkien had no choice and the very publication of The Lord of the Rings forced him to introduce important changes in his legendarium.
- Painting With Words: Suggestiveness in J. R. R. Tolkien's - Ewa J. Godzińska
Ewa J. Godzińska maintains that one of the greatest skills of a writer is to be able to evoke complex, rich visions using just a few words. The writings of J. R. R. Tolkien provide some of the most beautiful examples of that skill: he can "paint with words" in a truly masterful way.
His landscapes are depicted in an impressionist way, to the minutest nuances of light and shadow. The details of the described scenes are gradually unravelled just as they should have appeared to an eye of an eyewitness. Sometimes our feeling of "being there" is so strong because Tolkien's words induce in us multimodal
imaginations, engaging not only our sense of vision, but also other senses (hearing, smell). These vivid imaginations evoke strong emotions and, most probably, leave in our memory deep traces similar to those created in response to "real life" events.
- A Chronology of Middle-earth and the Undying
Lands - Łukasz Zarzycki 'Thoronnil'
This is the first part of this chronology,
comprising the introduction and the events since the beginning of Arda
up until the awakening of the Trees.
Quendi or a Short Compendium of Knowledge on the Elves - Anna Adamczyk 'Nifrodel'
Anna Adamczyk's essay is a fragment of an extensive study on Tolkien's Elves the author has been working on for two years. It contains a description of the culture, traditions, and habits of the Elves, as well as their characterization and an analysis of the issue of their immortality.
- Mendel Genetics and the Elves, Hobbits, and Other Middle-earth Races - Aleksandra Wagner 'Dis'
Aleksandra Wagner in her essay proposes an intellectual game. Taking into
account what little information we have about marriages and their
offspring, she tries to find out to what extent Tolkien follows the laws
of Mendel genetics. And what she finds out is that Tolkien was more
correct in this respect than Peter Jackson.
anfiction and poetry
translation: Agnieszka Sylwanowicz, Katarzyna K. Chmiel
- A Gift at Year's Turning - 'Celandine Brandybuck '
In Minas Tirith, Denethor and Ecthelion prepare for the annual Steward's Feast to celebrate the end of the year. Boromir hopes for a sword as a gift, but Finduilas warns him that he might get something else.
- The Follower - 'Ivanneth'
a story of Fingon and Maedhros. Having been sent to live with his uncle for a year, young Fingon arrives at Feanor's court, and finds himself in a very strange place.
- Repairs - 'Isabeau of Greenlea'
Give a battle-weary Dwarf a forge and something to fix or make, and he will feel immediately refreshed.
The issue also contains the first part of a unique Polish-Quenya phrase book, prepared by a Quenya specialist,
Dominika Kurek 'Elanor',
and a selection of beautiful poetry by Avari,
Nifrodel and Elanor.
There are two poems about Eowyn: by Katarzyna Wojdak 'Avari' and by Anna Adamczyk 'Nifrodel', one poem about an Elf and a tree - by Katarzyna Wojdak, one about Dead Marshes - by Anna Adamczyk, and a love song (in Polish and also in Quenya) by Elanor.
Finally, we present our readers with the latest news from the Polish tolkienist world, a choice of Tolkien riddles and a description of interesting Tolkien websites.
eviews and interviews
- Interview with prof. dr. hab. Jakub Z. Lichański - Anna Adamczyk 'Nifrodel'
- K. Bruner and J. Ware's - Finding God in "The Lord of the Rings" -review by - Tadeusz A. Olszański 'Halbarad Dúnadan'
- M. White's Tolkien: A Biography -review by - Tadeusz A. Olszański 'Halbarad Dúnadan'
- Jakub Z.Lichański, Opowiadania o... krawędzi epok i czasów Johna Ronalda Reuela Tolkiena (Stories About... the Edges of Epochs and John Reuel Tolkien's Times) -review by - Michał Leśniewski 'M.L'
- A. Kubala's Przewodnik po nazwach miejscowych Śródziemia (A Guide to Middle-earth Place-names) -review by - Marek Śliwiński 'elfy'
- B. Bates's The Real Middle-earth -review by - Agnieszka Sylwanowicz 'Evermind'
- Magdalena Panek 'Falmawen' :
Animated logo Aiglos;
- 'Katarzyna Karina Chmiel 'Kasiopea':
Aiglos logo, Maedhros, Family, Young Fingon, a horseback portrait of Boromir, Maedhros, Fingon and Caranthir;
Cover - Fëanor, Maglor, Cousins;
- 'Małgorzata Pudlik 'Marigold':
Eowina, Tree, Dead Marshes, Spark's song
- 'Karolina Stopa-Olszańska 'Melinir':
little Maitimo, Fingon and Caranthir, Legolas and Gimli
- Jenny Dolfen
- Barbara Śliwińska:
the back cover logo
- Matylda Tomaszewska:
Dead marshes, Eowyn
- Katarzyna Wojdak 'Avari':
ornaments and plaitwork